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The Influence of Psychosocial Adjustment on Medication Adherence among Uninsured Hispanic Immigrants Aged 40 to 64 Years-Old with a Type-2 Diabetes Diagnosis

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dc.contributor.advisor Kodadek, Marie
dc.contributor.author Williams, Deborah Ann
dc.creator Williams, Deborah Ann
dc.date 2016-05-15
dc.date.accessioned 2017-01-26T22:06:54Z
dc.date.available 2017-01-26T22:06:54Z
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1920/10511
dc.description.abstract The Hispanic population in the United States increased from 35.5 million in 2000 to 50.5 million in 2010 (U.S. Census Bureau, 2011). The type-2 diabetes prevalence rate for Hispanics is 12.8%. Their non-Hispanic White counterparts have a prevalence rate of 7.6% (American Diabetes Association, 2014). There are effective methods to control this disease. Individuals do not receive these health benefits because they do not adhere to their prescribed medication regimens. Medication nonadherence leads to increased hospitalizations because of disability and morbidity in individuals with type-2 diabetes (Brown & Bussell, 2011). There is also an increased mortality associated with medication nonadherence in individuals with type-2 diabetes (Brown & Bussell, 2011). The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of psychosocial adjustment on medication adherence in uninsured Hispanic Immigrants aged 40 to 64 years old diagnosed with type-2 diabetes. The primary hypothesis was that the greater the individual’s psychosocial adjustment, the more likely he or she will adhere to his or her prescribed medication regimen. This study used a predictive correlational design. The participants were a convenience sample (N = 70) of Hispanic immigrants 40 to 64 years old diagnosed with type-2 diabetes who sought medical care at the five clinics associated with an academic institution in Northern Virginia. Stepwise Multinomial logistic regression was used to answer the primary research question: What are the psychosocial adjustment predictors of medication adherence in uninsured Hispanic immigrants aged 40 to 64 years old diagnosed with type-2 diabetes? The life course factors which were significant predictors of medication adherence in this targeted population were: (a) paisHealth p = .016, p < 0.05; (b) paisVocational p = .008, p < 0.05; (c) paisExtended Family p = .011, p < 0.05; (d) paisSexual p = .033, p < 0.05; and (e) paisPsychological p = .033, p < 0.05. The variables paisDomestic (p = .086, p > 0.05) and paisSocial (p = .602, p > 0.05) were not significant predictors of medication adherence in this study population. Psychosocial adjustment affects how well individuals adhere to their diabetes self-management regimens. Therefore, when providing healthcare to diverse populations, healthcare providers should utilize risk reduction and health promotion strategies tailored specifically for these populations in order to optimize healthcare outcomes. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.rights Copyright 2016 Deborah Ann Williams en_US
dc.subject life course health development en_US
dc.subject medication adherence en_US
dc.subject psychosocial adjustment en_US
dc.subject type 2 diabetes en_US
dc.subject uninsured populations en_US
dc.title The Influence of Psychosocial Adjustment on Medication Adherence among Uninsured Hispanic Immigrants Aged 40 to 64 Years-Old with a Type-2 Diabetes Diagnosis en_US
dc.type Dissertation en_US
thesis.degree.name Doctor of Philosophy in Nursing en_US
thesis.degree.level Doctoral en_US
thesis.degree.discipline Nursing en_US
thesis.degree.grantor George Mason University en_US


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