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Protein Network Mapping of Bladder Cancer: An Analysis of Tumor Compartment and the Surrounding Microenvironment

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dc.contributor.advisor Petricoin, Emanuel
dc.contributor.author Hodge, K Alex
dc.creator Hodge, K Alex
dc.date 2016-12-07
dc.date.accessioned 2017-12-07T21:19:03Z
dc.date.available 2017-12-07T21:19:03Z
dc.identifier doi:10.13021/G8CQ4S
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/1920/10802
dc.description.abstract The interaction between tumor and stroma has become of intense interest in the field of oncology in order to better understand the driving forces behind tumor onset and progression, metastasization and the responsiveness to therapy. These interactions are hard to capture using in vitro techniques and the extent to which in vivo models really recapitulate the tumor-stroma interactions of human tissues is still under investigation. For these reasons, human specimens still remain optimal input material for exploring these interactions. Laser capture microdissection (LCM) coupled with reverse phase protein microarrays (RPPA) are ideal technologies for isolating different cell compartments from heterogeneous tissues and for exploring protein signaling network of human tissue specimens. This study explored the protein signaling network of 23 bladder cancer samples within the epithelium and the surrounding stroma across different histotypes including normal, carcinoma in situ (CIS), papillary, and invasive cellular compartments. Pure tumor epithelium and surrounding stroma from each sample were first isolated with LCM followed by RPPA that allows for the measurement of hundreds of proteins and phosphoproteins. The analysis of the epithelium compartments collected from patients affected by invasive and non-invasive (papillary) bladder cancer revealed different pathway involvement driving the tumor, with invasive cases showing a phenotype of immune/ inflammation, proliferation and survival in contrast to papillary tumors which were characterized by wound healing and metabolism. While the stroma surrounding both invasive and papillary tumors showed high correlation between the different members of the PI3K/AKT pathway, only invasive tumors presented with interconnection between proteins involved in the immune/ inflammation response. Receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) in the epithelium appeared to be highly correlated with RTKs in the stroma as well as their downstream targets suggesting a cross-talk between the two compartments. Finally, programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1), an important drug target immune checkpoint protein, was increased significantly in invasive epithelium when compared to papillary epithelium. This PD-L1 expression offers a promising therapeutic target against invasive bladder cancer, which has had minimal treatment advances in more than a decade.
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject cancer en_US
dc.subject bladder en_US
dc.subject arrays en_US
dc.subject immunotherapy en_US
dc.subject stroma en_US
dc.subject PD-L1 en_US
dc.title Protein Network Mapping of Bladder Cancer: An Analysis of Tumor Compartment and the Surrounding Microenvironment en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
thesis.degree.name Master of Science in Biology en_US
thesis.degree.level Master's en_US
thesis.degree.discipline Biology en_US
thesis.degree.grantor George Mason University en_US


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