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Effects of Hydrogel Nanoparticles as a Novel Adjuvant for a Purified Whole Inactivated Chikungunya Virus Vaccine

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dc.contributor.advisor Luchini, Alessandra
dc.contributor.author Jackson, Kassandra
dc.creator Jackson, Kassandra
dc.date 2016-12-09
dc.date.accessioned 2017-12-07T21:22:19Z
dc.identifier doi:10.13021/G83678
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/1920/10812
dc.description This thesis has been embargoed for 5 years and will not be available until December 2021 at the earliest. en_US
dc.description.abstract This thesis describes a novel nanotrap nanoparticle adjuvant for a purified whole inactivated Chikungunya CHIK virus vaccine and its immune response and level of toxicity. For a vaccine to be good candidate it must be able to invoke a strong immune response to the viral antigen without causing damage to the recipient. Most vaccines are formulated with an adjuvant, which is anything that has the ability to bolster the immune response to the vaccine. Nanoparticle pose as a promising alternative to the commonly used alum adjuvant. The novel chemistry of the nanoparticles used in this study allows them to deliver the drug to the desired area, gradually release their cargo, and stabilize and protect the vaccine. Following a 28-day mouse trail, blood sera from the placebo group, non-adjuvanted CHIK vaccine group and NP-adjuvanted CHIK vaccine group were tested for neutralizing antibodies. Each vaccine group was also tested for signs of toxicity. The neutralizing titers from the NP-adjuvanted vaccine group was substantially equivalent to the non-adjuanted vaccine group. Moreover, the author showed that the NPs were able to capture whole CHIK virus, remain adsorbed to the virus for an extended period of time and that the NPs were non-toxic.
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject nanoparticles en_US
dc.subject chikungunya en_US
dc.subject vaccine en_US
dc.subject adjuvant en_US
dc.title Effects of Hydrogel Nanoparticles as a Novel Adjuvant for a Purified Whole Inactivated Chikungunya Virus Vaccine en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
thesis.degree.name Master of Science in Biology en_US
thesis.degree.level Master's en_US
thesis.degree.discipline Biology en_US
thesis.degree.grantor George Mason University en_US
dc.description.embargo 2021-12-09


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