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The structural phases and vibrational properties of Mo1−xWxTe2 alloys

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dc.contributor.author Oliver, Sean M
dc.contributor.author Beams, Ryan
dc.contributor.author Krylyuk, Sergiy
dc.contributor.author Kalish, Irina
dc.contributor.author Singh, Arunima K
dc.contributor.author Bruma, Alina
dc.contributor.author Tavazza, Francesca
dc.contributor.author Joshi, Jaydeep
dc.contributor.author Stone, Iris R
dc.contributor.author Stranick, Stephan J
dc.contributor.author Davydov, Albert V
dc.contributor.author Vora, Patrick M
dc.date.accessioned 2019-02-15T17:40:31Z
dc.date.available 2019-02-15T17:40:31Z
dc.date.issued 2017-09
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/1920/11373
dc.description.abstract The structural polymorphism in transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) provides exciting opportunities for developing advanced electronics. For example, MoTe2 crystallizes in the 2H semiconducting phase at ambient temperature and pressure, but transitions into the 1T' semimetallic phase at high temperatures. Alloying MoTe2 with WTe2 reduces the energy barrier between these two phases, while also allowing access to the T d Weyl semimetal phase. The $\text{M}{{\text{o}}_{1-\text{x}}}$ WxTe2 alloy system is therefore promising for developing phase change memory technology. However, achieving this goal necessitates a detailed understanding of the phase composition in the MoTe2-WTe2 system. We combine polarization-resolved Raman spectroscopy with x-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) to study bulk $\text{M}{{\text{o}}_{1-\text{x}}}$ WxTe2 alloys over the full compositional range x from 0 to 1. We identify Raman and XRD signatures characteristic of the 2H, 1T', and T d structural phases that agree with density-functional theory (DFT) calculations, and use them to identify phase fields in the MoTe2–WTe2 system, including single-phase 2H, 1T', and T d regions, as well as a two-phase 1T'  +  T d region. Disorder arising from compositional fluctuations in $\text{M}{{\text{o}}_{1-\text{x}}}$ WxTe2 alloys breaks inversion and translational symmetry, leading to the activation of an infrared 1T'-MoTe2 mode and the enhancement of a double-resonance Raman process in $\text{2H-M}{{\text{o}}_{1-\text{x}}}$ WxTe2 alloys. Compositional fluctuations limit the phonon correlation length, which we estimate by fitting the observed asymmetric Raman lineshapes with a phonon confinement model. These observations reveal the important role of disorder in $\text{M}{{\text{o}}_{1-\text{x}}}$ WxTe2 alloys, clarify the structural phase boundaries, and provide a foundation for future explorations of phase transitions and electronic phenomena in this system.
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher 2D Materials en_US
dc.rights Attribution 3.0 United States *
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/us/ *
dc.title The structural phases and vibrational properties of Mo1−xWxTe2 alloys en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.1088/2053-1583/aa7a32


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