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Carceral Residents’ Responses to Inconsistent Policy Adherence

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dc.contributor.advisor Rudes, Danielle
dc.contributor.author Foudray, Chelsea
dc.creator Foudray, Chelsea
dc.date 2020-04-30
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-30T20:39:49Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-30T20:39:49Z
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1920/11806
dc.description.abstract With high rates of incapacitation in the United States, policies and procedures are a major aid in managing day-to-day prison operations. However, organizational research notes that policy and practice implementation often differ significantly from formal written procedures/practices/rules. This has potential detrimental effects to the functioning of an organization and to the perceptions of those living/working within that organizational environment. This thesis explores carceral residents’ responses to perceived inconsistent policy adherence through secondary, qualitative analysis. Merton’s anomie and strain theory supplemented by Maier and Seligman’s learned helplessness theory frame this work. Findings suggest carceral residents perceive a great deal of inconsistent policy adherence. To adapt to these misalignments, more than half of residents adapt their behavior. The majority of these adaptations are consistent with learned helplessness and tempered conformity. Implications of this work include advancing knowledge about the formal/informal systems in place in carceral environments and recommendations for remedying some of this gap. Implications also include modernizing prior criminal justice theories such as strain and including cross-disciplinary theoretical framing from learned helplessness into today’s carceral environments as a way of understanding current practices and resident response. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject policy and procedures en_US
dc.subject corrections en_US
dc.subject prison en_US
dc.subject inconsistent policy adherence en_US
dc.title Carceral Residents’ Responses to Inconsistent Policy Adherence en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
thesis.degree.name Master of Arts in Criminology, Law and Society en_US
thesis.degree.level Master's en_US
thesis.degree.discipline Criminology, Law and Society en_US
thesis.degree.grantor George Mason University en_US


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