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Implications of Psychological Distance for the Structure and Motivation of Safety at Work

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dc.contributor.author Ford, Michael Thomas
dc.creator Ford, Michael Thomas
dc.date 2008-07-28
dc.date.accessioned 2008-08-14T17:03:14Z
dc.date.available NO_RESTRICTION en
dc.date.available 2008-08-14T17:03:14Z
dc.date.issued 2008-08-14T17:03:14Z
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/1920/3222
dc.description.abstract Workplace safety behaviors can focus on present or future safety outcomes. They can also focus on one’s own safety or the safety of others and the overall worksite. These outcomes vary in their psychological distance, or more specifically their temporal and social distance. This distance has implications for how people construe, value, and focus on future events. In this study, ratings from 13 safety researchers were used to distinguish safety behaviors in the temporal and social distance of their outcomes. To identify distinct correlates of safety behaviors with psychologically distant outcomes, data were then collected from 198 hospital employees. Results suggest that psychological empowerment, management commitment to safety, and organizational identification are more strongly related to behaviors focused on the safety of others than those focused on one’s own safety. When all predictors were included in one model, psychological empowerment was the strongest correlate of safety behaviors with psychologically distant outcomes. Empowerment and organizational identification were also related to injury/illness rates at the department level. These results indicate that theories on workplace safety behavior can be enhanced by incorporating distinctions across behaviors. They also highlight the importance of empowerment and shared responsibility in safety-related industrial settings.
dc.language.iso en_US en
dc.subject safety en_US
dc.subject motivation en_US
dc.subject workplace safety en_US
dc.subject empowerment en_US
dc.subject regulatory focus en_US
dc.subject organizational identification en_US
dc.title Implications of Psychological Distance for the Structure and Motivation of Safety at Work en
dc.type Dissertation en
thesis.degree.name Doctor of Philosophy in Psychology en
thesis.degree.level Doctoral en
thesis.degree.discipline Psychology en
thesis.degree.grantor George Mason University en


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