Mason Archival Repository Service

A Comparison of BMI Percentiles and Predictor Variables for Two Head Start Childhood Obesity Prevention Programs

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.advisor Moore, Jean B. Goldberg, Patricia
dc.creator Goldberg, Patricia 2010-04-27 2010-06-04T13:53:25Z NO_RESTRICTION en_US 2010-06-04T13:53:25Z 2010-06-04T13:53:25Z
dc.description.abstract A Head Start program enhancement, “I am Moving, I am Learning” (IMIL), is intended to 1) increase the amount of time per day that children participate in moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA); 2) improve the quality of structured movement activities that are led by teachers and other adults; and 3) promote and model healthy food choices for children. A quantitative study was conducted to determine if IMIL was effective in maintaining a healthy BMI in 354 four-year-old preschool children. Head Start secondary data were used to analyze and compare two groups of children: one group received the IMIL intervention; the control group received a standard Head Start nutrition program. T-tests, regression, and Chi-square analysis were conducted to compare improvement of BMI scores from baseline for the two groups. Results indicated that there was no significant improvement in BMI scores between (t= -25, df= 109.88, p= .81) and within the two groups of preschool children (IMIL group: t= -1.61, df= 257, p= .11; Control: t= -.70, df= 95, p= .49). Although there were several significant correlations between some of the variables, regression analysis for program variables indicated that the overall model did not significantly predict for BMI percentile change scores (R2 = .001, R2 adj. = -.007, F(3, 350) = .17, p = .91). Chi-square analysis for demographic variables indicated that only race/ethnicity had a significant relationship with BMI percentile scores (X2 = .011). Future studies of the IMIL obesity intervention should be conducted using a larger sample size composed of several Head Start regions in the U.S.
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.subject childhood en_US
dc.subject obesity en_US
dc.subject intervention en_US
dc.subject overweight en_US
dc.subject Head Start en_US
dc.subject preschool en_US
dc.title A Comparison of BMI Percentiles and Predictor Variables for Two Head Start Childhood Obesity Prevention Programs
dc.type Dissertation en Doctor of Philosophy Nursing en_US Doctoral en Nursing George Mason University

Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Search MARS


My Account