Mason Archival Repository Service

Climate Change in the Indian Mind: Role of Collective Efficacy in Climate Change Adaptation

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.advisor Maibach, Edward W.
dc.contributor.author Thaker, Jagadish
dc.creator Thaker, Jagadish
dc.date 2012-05-03
dc.date.accessioned 2012-06-18T19:15:01Z
dc.date.available NO_RESTRICTION en_US
dc.date.available 2012-06-18T19:15:01Z
dc.date.issued 2012-06-18
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1920/7882
dc.description.abstract Successful climate change adaptation requires behavioral and policy changes at the individual, community, and national levels. Although most research on adaptive capacity focuses on the role of the economy and technology, an increasing body of research suggests that socially shared beliefs, norms, and networks are also critical in increasing individuals’ and communities’ adaptive capacity. Based on Bandura’s social cognitive theory, this dissertation examined the role of collective efficacy—people’s shared beliefs about their group’s capabilities to accomplish collective tasks—in influencing Indians’ adaptive capacity to deal with drinking water supply scarcity, a condition likely to be exacerbated in the future by climate change. The hypotheses were individual-level collective efficacy perceptions will be positively associated with (1) behavioral involvement in adaptation, and (2) support for adaptation policy, and (3) communityx level collective efficacy perceptions will be positively associated with community adaptation measures. To test these hypotheses, face-to-face interviews were conducted with 4031 randomly selected Indian respondents using a stratified random national sampling plan during December 2011 and January 2012, resulting in a response rate of 39.7%. To test these hypothesis, correlational analysis, and hierarchical regression models was used. Partial support for the first hypothesis was found: individuals’ with robust collective efficacy beliefs are more likely to be involved in community activities, although the relationship is not linear. The second hypothesis was fully supported: individuals with high levels of collective efficacy beliefs are more likely to support government adaptation policies. The third hypothesis was also fully supported: communities with high collective efficacy are more likely to implement adaptation measures. These results demonstrate that collective efficacy beliefs are positively associated with individuals’ and communities’ capacity to successfully adapt to climate change. Taking steps to increase the collective efficacy beliefs of community members—for example, through mass media campaigns—may bolster the adaptive capacity of communities to climate change; this important possibility should be tested in future research. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.subject Collective Efficacy en_US
dc.subject Climate Change Adaptation en_US
dc.subject Community Engagement en_US
dc.subject Behaviorial Involvement en_US
dc.subject Policy Support en_US
dc.subject Community Adaptation en_US
dc.title Climate Change in the Indian Mind: Role of Collective Efficacy in Climate Change Adaptation en_US
dc.type Dissertation en
thesis.degree.name PhD in Communication en_US
thesis.degree.level Doctoral en
thesis.degree.discipline Communication en
thesis.degree.grantor George Mason University en


Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Search MARS


Browse

My Account

Statistics