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Presenteeism: The Dark Side of Employee Attendance

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dc.contributor.advisor Tetrick, Lois E.
dc.contributor.author Poms, Laura Wheeler
dc.creator Poms, Laura Wheeler
dc.date 2012-12
dc.date.accessioned 2013-04-09T14:17:02Z
dc.date.available NO_RESTRICTION en_US
dc.date.available 2013-04-09T14:17:02Z
dc.date.issued 2013-04-09
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/1920/8123
dc.description.abstract Employee attendance is of primary importance to virtually every organization. Until recently this research has focused primarily on absenteeism. Researchers have now begun to focus on the other side of the attendance equation, presenteeism, which is going to work despite feeling ill. This study examined both presenteeism and absenteeism and provides the beginning of a theoretical rational based on the effort-reward imbalance framework for how certain factors influence an employee’s decision to attend or not attend work when sick. Using an internet-based survey, data from 424 working adults in the United States were collected. Results suggest that individuals high in overcommitment are more likely to come to work when sick, to have lower self-reported health and to continue to work at home, even when they are supposed to be taking sick leave. A direct effect on health was found for recovery, suggesting that individuals who participate in activities that help them disengage from work were healthier. These results imply that organizations should consider policies and supervisor training programs that encourage employees to use sick leave when needed.
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.rights Copyright 2012 Laura Wheeler Poms en_US
dc.subject Psychology en_US
dc.subject Management en_US
dc.subject Absenteeism en_US
dc.subject Effort-reward Imbalance en_US
dc.subject Employee Attendance en_US
dc.subject Health en_US
dc.subject Presenteeism en_US
dc.subject Recovery en_US
dc.title Presenteeism: The Dark Side of Employee Attendance en_US
dc.type Dissertation en
thesis.degree.name PhD in Psychology en_US
thesis.degree.level Doctoral en
thesis.degree.discipline Psychology, Industrial/Organizational Concentration en
thesis.degree.grantor George Mason University en


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