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Canola Derived Biodiesel as Blending Agent for Petroleum Based Fuels

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dc.contributor.advisor Mushrush, George W.
dc.contributor.author Vo, Phung Kim
dc.creator Vo, Phung Kim
dc.date 2013-12-06
dc.date.accessioned 2014-03-09T14:21:16Z
dc.date.available 2014-03-09T14:21:16Z
dc.date.issued 2014-03-09
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/1920/8652
dc.description.abstract The fuel industry has been under significant pressures due to economic and environmental concerns. Finding cleaner and safer alternative fuel source was put in high demand. Biodiesel has been the most favorable source in the biofuel field for a while, and soybean has been the leading feedstock for making biodiesel. There are also other types of oil such as corn, palm, peanut or canola oil for making either 100% biodiesel (B100) or biodiesel blending stock for petroleum based fuels. Canola oil when crushed out will give up to 44% of oil content, the highest oil content among other types of the agricultural oil while soybean has about 20% and corn has 5% of oil content respectively. Because of its properties such as high flash point, lower cloud point and the stability in cold-weather region, and flexible crop season in fall and spring, canola oil methyl ester, derived product of canola oil esterification, was taken into research in which it was subjected to conditions that mimic the petroleum refining process (delayed coking). Four tubes of canola oil ME went through pyrolysis process (90 psi and 400oC) in different time interval: 15, 30, 60 and 90 minutes. Result from GC/MS showed the presence of FAMEs such as palmitic, oleic, elaidic, and stearic acid methyl ester. In GC of 90-minute interval, all FAMEs except stearic acid methyl ester were replaced by hexadecane peaks (C16H34). The total area percentage of all hexadecane peak in GC of 90-minute is 32.27 %.
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject fuel stability en_US
dc.subject pyrolysis en_US
dc.subject biodiesel en_US
dc.subject blending agent en_US
dc.subject canola oil en_US
dc.title Canola Derived Biodiesel as Blending Agent for Petroleum Based Fuels en_US
dc.type Thesis en
thesis.degree.name Master of Science in Chemistry en_US
thesis.degree.level Master's en
thesis.degree.discipline Chemistry en
thesis.degree.grantor George Mason University en


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