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Investigating the Deterrent Effect of Distracted Driving Laws

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dc.contributor.advisor Lum, Cynthia
dc.contributor.author Conroy, Josh
dc.creator Conroy, Josh
dc.date 2013-08-20
dc.date.accessioned 2014-05-22T19:55:27Z
dc.date.available 2014-05-22T19:55:27Z
dc.date.issued 2014-05-22
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/1920/8701
dc.description.abstract Following the growth of cell phone use nationwide in the last 20 years, driving while distracted is more common than ever. Deterrence theory implies that states with laws related to distracted driving would witness a decline in distracted driving after those laws came into force. Previous studies have shifted the focus of deterrence theory concluding that the certainty of being caught or apprehended is ultimately what deters an individual from committing a crime. This research explored the relationship between the implementation of distracted driving laws and cell phone related distracted driving accidents and fatalities. A paired samples t-test was used to explore changes in before-and-after mean scores of distracted driving accidents and fatalities in states with laws and in states without laws. Additionally, a one-way ANOVA test was used to compare changes in before-and-after mean scores between states with different levels of strictness in laws related to distracted driving. Findings show no support for a deterrent effect of distracted driving laws relating to cell phone use.
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject accidents en_US
dc.subject fatalities en_US
dc.subject distracted driving en_US
dc.subject cell phone en_US
dc.title Investigating the Deterrent Effect of Distracted Driving Laws en_US
dc.type Thesis en
thesis.degree.name Master of Arts in Criminology, Law, and Society en_US
thesis.degree.level Master's en
thesis.degree.discipline Criminology, Law and Society en
thesis.degree.grantor George Mason University en


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