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The relationship between individual characteristics of registered nurses, characteristics of new graduate nurse transition programs and clinical leadership skill.

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dc.contributor.advisor Richards, Kathy C.
dc.contributor.author Chappell, Kathy B.
dc.creator Chappell, Kathy B. en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2014-09-18T01:54:23Z
dc.date.available 2014-09-18T01:54:23Z
dc.date.issued 2014-05 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/1920/8878
dc.description.abstract This non-experimental, retrospective study explored the relationship between individual characteristics of registered nurses, characteristics of new graduate nurse transition programs and clinical leadership skill in a cohort of registered nurses with up to two years of clinical experience. The conceptual framework for this study was based on Benner¡¯s Novice to Expert model. Independent variables for individual characteristics of registered nurses included age, primary nursing degree, previous leadership experience, previous healthcare experience and months of clinical experience as a registered nurse. Independent variables for new graduate nurse transition programs included length of the new graduate nurse transition program, assigned mentor (first level variable)/quality of mentor support (sublevel variable), participation in classes to improve professional development skill (first level variable)/perceived improvement in professional development (sublevel variable) through participation in supplemental courses designed to promote critical thinking ability, leadership skills and/or delegation skills; and quality of overall new graduate nurse transition program. Clinical leadership skill (CLS) was the outcome variable for this study. The strongest predictors of clinical leadership skill were overall quality of the new graduate nurse transition program, length of the new graduate nurse transition program and months of clinical experience as a registered nurse. Hierarchical regression modeling using first level variables accounted for 6.9% of the variability in CLS (R2 = .084, R2adj = .069, F = 5.761, p = .000). Hierarchical regression modeling using sublevel variables improved overall model prediction to 12.6% (R2 = .162, R2adj = .126, F = 5.203, p = .001). Additional findings included larger within subjects effect sizes for new graduate nurse transition programs using the University HealthSystem Consortium/American Association of Colleges of Nursing curriculum when compared to other curriculum, and significantly higher retention rates for new graduate nurse transition programs > 24 weeks in length when compared to new graduate nurse transition programs ¡Ü 12 weeks.
dc.format.extent 149 pages en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.rights Copyright 2014 Kathy B. Chappell en_US
dc.subject Nursing en_US
dc.subject new graduate en_US
dc.subject nurse en_US
dc.subject residency en_US
dc.subject transition en_US
dc.subject transition program en_US
dc.title The relationship between individual characteristics of registered nurses, characteristics of new graduate nurse transition programs and clinical leadership skill. en_US
dc.type Dissertation en
thesis.degree.level Doctoral en
thesis.degree.discipline Nursing en
thesis.degree.grantor George Mason University en


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