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An Examination of Potential Medical Group Practice Participation in Accountable Care Organizations

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dc.contributor.advisor Koizumi, Naoru Anderson, Douglas Graeme
dc.creator Anderson, Douglas Graeme en_US 2014-09-29T18:06:05Z 2014-09-29T18:06:05Z 2014-08 en_US
dc.description.abstract The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 included legislation to create a new organizational structure, the Accountable Care Organization (ACO). This attempt to achieve the "triple aim" to improve the experience of care, improve the health of populations, and reduce the per capita costs of care establishes ACOs as a mechanism to provide coordinated care focusing on quality and outcomes in place of outputs. Medical group practices will be the focus of ACO formation. This research examines factors which make medical groups more likely to participate in ACOs. Utilizing data from a survey of medical group practices on the evolving healthcare environment, a logistic regression model is developed that indicates significant predictors of medical group participation in ACO development. Organizational size, engagement in joint venture activities, experience in Patient Centered Medical Homes, and organizational structural elements including the ability to manage clinical information, track quality measurements, and experience with payer incentive payments were all significantly associated with ACO participation. Organizational efficiency measures such as ability to track costs per episode of care were not found to be predictors of ACO participation. These results suggest an initial engagement in this new healthcare delivery model by medical groups with certain elements that align with a changed environment. Larger participation may be limited by the small size of most medical groups and the lack of internal resources to meet ACO requirements. Policy considerations to ease medical group participation in ACOs are reviewed. Future research is suggested to focus on the motivations and barriers to medical group practice participation in emerging organizational constructs for the delivery of healthcare services.
dc.format.extent 177 pages en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.rights Copyright 2014 Douglas Graeme Anderson en_US
dc.subject Public policy en_US
dc.subject Accountable Care Organizations en_US
dc.subject Affordable Care Act en_US
dc.subject Medical Group Practice en_US
dc.subject Organizational Theory en_US
dc.subject Population Ecology en_US
dc.title An Examination of Potential Medical Group Practice Participation in Accountable Care Organizations en_US
dc.type Dissertation en Doctoral en Public Policy en George Mason University en

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