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Bridging the Research/Practice Gap: Street-level Decision Making and Historical Influences Related to Use of Evidence-based Practices in Adult Probation

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dc.contributor.advisor Rudes, Danielle S.
dc.contributor.author Viglione, Jill Elizabeth
dc.creator Viglione, Jill Elizabeth
dc.date.accessioned 2015-07-29T18:40:40Z
dc.date.available 2015-07-29T18:40:40Z
dc.date.issued 2015
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1920/9644
dc.description.abstract Growing empirical research finds that a correctional system devoted to punishment is ineffective and can actually produce criminogenic effects (Nagin, Cullen & Johnson, 2009). As a result, many justice organizations, including probation, are encouraging managers and staff to adopt evidence-based practices (EBPs)--practices supported by scientific evidence, such as validated risk and needs assessments, motivational interviewing, and cognitive-behavioral therapies. Current research finds that when used appropriately, evidenced-based, rehabilitative interventions are effective at reducing recidivism (Andrews & Bonta, 2010) and improving overall probation success (Taxman, 2008). Despite this push, justice organizations are often slow to adopt and implement effective practices. Implementation of EBPs falls heavily on street-level workers, like probation officers (POs) as they adopt/adapt and implement policy and practice changes by incorporating them into routines and decisions. Using a mixed method approach (ethnography and surveys), this study builds upon traditional street-level decision-making literature, but broadens the scope of inquiry by critically examining how POs understand, define and adapt new practices to their existing organizational routines. Further, this dissertation examines the conditions under which POs make adaptations to policy and the role that organizational culture and the history of the organization plays in shaping adaptation decisions, which ultimately play a critical role in the way in which POs carry out their job and policies designed to improve probation practice and outcomes.
dc.format.extent 328 pages
dc.language.iso en
dc.rights Copyright 2015 Jill Elizabeth Viglione
dc.subject Criminology
dc.subject Evidence-based practices
dc.subject Implementation Science
dc.subject Organizations
dc.subject Probation
dc.title Bridging the Research/Practice Gap: Street-level Decision Making and Historical Influences Related to Use of Evidence-based Practices in Adult Probation
dc.type Dissertation en
thesis.degree.level Doctoral en
thesis.degree.discipline Criminology, Law and Society en
thesis.degree.grantor George Mason University en


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