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dc.contributor Emmans, Sarah
dc.contributor Posner, Paul
dc.contributor Conlan, Tim
dc.contributor Armstron, Andrew
dc.contributor.author Lawson, Michael
dc.contributor.author Shafroth, Frank
dc.date.accessioned 2016-05-06T18:20:24Z
dc.date.available 2016-05-06T18:20:24Z
dc.date.issued 2013-09-01
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1920/10242
dc.description.abstract By most accounts, four key factors have contributed to San Bernardino’s fiscal situation: the charter, political culture, state actions (or inactions) and economic shocks. The last two factors caused have caused many cities across the U.S. to stumble in recent years or even in recent decades, but the vast majority of them have been able to regain their footing. A weak charter combined with a negative political culture made overcoming the economic shocks and state actions too steep a hill for San Bernardino to climb. Most likely, it will be several years—as the city works its way through the bankruptcy process— before we know the extent to which San Bernardino stabilizes and regains its fiscal footing.
dc.description.sponsorship This project was made possible with the generous support of the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation.
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher Center for State and Local Government Leadership, George Mason University
dc.relation.hasversion https://fiscalbankruptcy.wordpress.com/the-reports/
dc.subject San Bernardino
dc.subject Negative political culture
dc.subject Weak charters
dc.title San Bernardino Case Study
dc.type Technical Report
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.13021/G8PC78


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