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Vulnerable Populations Perceive Their Health as at Risk from Climate Change

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dc.contributor.author Akerlof, Karen L.
dc.contributor.author Delamater, Paul L.
dc.contributor.author Boules, Caroline R.
dc.contributor.author Upperman, Crystal R.
dc.contributor.author Mitchell, Clifford S.
dc.date.accessioned 2016-08-09T00:14:23Z
dc.date.available 2016-08-09T00:14:23Z
dc.date.issued 2015-12-04
dc.identifier.citation Akerlof, Karen L.; Delamater, Paul L.; Boules, Caroline R.; Upperman, Crystal R.; Mitchell, Clifford S. 2015. "Vulnerable Populations Perceive Their Health as at Risk from Climate Change." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 12, no. 12: 15419-15433. en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/1920/10334
dc.description.abstract Climate change is already taking a toll on human health, a toll that is likely to increase in coming decades. The relationship between risk perceptions and vulnerability to climate change’s health threats has received little attention, even though an understanding of the dynamics of adaptation among particularly susceptible populations is becoming increasingly important. We demonstrate that some people whose health will suffer the greatest harms from climate change—due to social vulnerability, health susceptibility, and exposure to hazards—already feel they are at risk. In a 2013 survey we measured Maryland residents’ climate beliefs, health risk perceptions, and household social vulnerability characteristics, including medical conditions (n = 2126). We paired survey responses with secondary data sources for residence in a floodplain and/or urban heat island to predict perceptions of personal and household climate health risk. General health risk perceptions, political ideology, and climate beliefs are the strongest predictors. Yet, people in households with the following characteristics also see themselves at higher risk: members with one or more medical conditions or disabilities; low income; racial/ethnic minorities; and residence in a floodplain. In light of these results, climate health communication among vulnerable populations should emphasize protective actions instead of risk messages.
dc.description.sponsorship Town Creek Foundation of Easton, Maryland; Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene climate change program, supported by CDC Cooperative Agreements 5UE1EH001049 and 2U38EH000944. This article was funded in part by the George Mason University Libraries Open Access Publishing Fund. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher MDPI AG en_US
dc.subject Vulnerable populations en_US
dc.subject Health risk perceptions en_US
dc.subject Climate change communication en_US
dc.title Vulnerable Populations Perceive Their Health as at Risk from Climate Change en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph121214994


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