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The Transformation of Ethnic Conflict and Identity in Syria

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dc.contributor.advisor Dale, John Salm, Randall A.
dc.creator Salm, Randall A. 2017-01-29T01:13:06Z 2017-01-29T01:13:06Z 2016
dc.description.abstract This dissertation analyzes the transformation and social reproduction of ethnic and religious identity for five Syrian ethnic groups, Sunni Arabs, Alawites, Kurds, Christians and Druze. The study used mixed methods for data collection, including 26 in-depth surveys and 127 surveys of Syrian humanitarian workers living in Turkey conducted in 2015 and 2016. Key findings include commonalities found across all five groups, such as language, names, family, gender inequality, marriage norms, honor, ethnic group salience and segregation, mistrust and fear of other groups, social stratification, and geographical barriers. Unique distinctions for each group are also examined, along with religious features. The two main findings are that ethnic identification depends considerably on opposition to or support for the Assad regime, and minority group fears of Sunni conservatives and extremists. Two theoretical models are developed demonstrating ethnic identity formation under threats of violence and group extermination, and ethnic identity dynamics for the five Syrian groups in this study.
dc.format.extent 323 pages
dc.language.iso en
dc.rights Copyright 2016 Randall A. Salm
dc.subject Sociology en_US
dc.subject Ethnic studies en_US
dc.subject Islamic studies en_US
dc.subject Arab Uprising en_US
dc.subject Armed conflict en_US
dc.subject Ethnic identity en_US
dc.subject Ethnic relations en_US
dc.subject Identity en_US
dc.subject Syria en_US
dc.title The Transformation of Ethnic Conflict and Identity in Syria
dc.type Dissertation Ph.D. Sociology George Mason University

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