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On Hybrid Political Orders and Emerging States: State Formation in the Context of ‘Fragility’

Show simple item record Boege, Volker Brown, Anne Clements, Kevin Nolan, Anna 2022-06-11T16:59:36Z 2022-06-11T16:59:36Z 2008-10
dc.description.abstract This article examines the rationale and underlying assumptions of the mainstream discourse on fragile states. The authors argue that the conventional perception of so-called fragile states as an obstacle to the maintenance of peace and development can be far too short-sighted, as is its corollary, the promotion of conventional state-building along the lines of the western OECD state model as the best means of sustainable development and peace within all societies. Too often, state fragility research and analysis as well as state-building policies are oriented towards the western-style Weberian/Westphalian state. Yet this form of statehood hardly exists in reality beyond the OECD world. Many of the countries in the ‘rest’ of the world are political entities that do not resemble the model western state. This article proposes that these states should not be considered from the perspective of being ‘not yet properly built’ or having ‘already failed again’. Rather than thinking in terms of fragile or failed states, it might be theoretically and practically more fruitful to think in terms of hybrid political orders. Such a re-conceptualization opens new options for conflict prevention and development, as well as for a new type of state-building. Drawing on the examples of East Timor, Bougainville and Somaliland, the report points out the shortcomings of external state-building, and presents some innovative approaches to state-building. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Berghof Foundation en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Berghof Handbook Dialogue;8
dc.rights Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 United States *
dc.rights.uri *
dc.subject Fragile states en_US
dc.subject Fragility en_US
dc.subject Failed state en_US
dc.subject East Timor en_US
dc.subject Bougainville en_US
dc.subject Somaliland en_US
dc.title On Hybrid Political Orders and Emerging States: State Formation in the Context of ‘Fragility’ en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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