Calibration and Achievement Goals in College Volleyball




Chao, Fred

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The purpose of this study was to quantitatively explore the relationship between calibration and achievement goals to attack performance in male, collegiate volleyball players. Three primary exploratory research questions were examined: 1) what patterns of goal orientation exist, 2) what are the relationships among calibration accuracy, calibration confidence, experience, and performance, and 3) what patterns of calibration exist? A study-specific questionnaire was used to measure achievement goal orientation, experience, and expected performance. Performance was measured from match data collected on three separate occasions throughout the course of a single-day volleyball tournament. Preliminary data analysis supported a 2 x 2 achievement goal framework and multiple goals theory. Cluster analysis yielded two distinct goal profiles: high-all, and high-approach. Independent t test revealed no relationship between the profiles and either experience or performance. Correlational analyses showed that high-mastery oriented players were more accurate in their estimates of performance (better calibrated), while high-performance oriented players were more confident in their estimates. Finally, graphical analysis showed a slight overall tendency for overconfidence in estimates for performance, with higher-performing players showing more underconfidence and lowerperforming players showing more overconfidence. Implications for practice and future research were discussed.



Calibration, Volleyball, Sports, Coaching, Performance, Goal orientation