Reliability and Validity of the RNR Program Tool




Crites, Erin

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The risk-need-responsivity model (Andrews & Bonta, 2010; Andrews, Bonta, & Hoge, 1990; Andrews & Bonta, 2010; Andrews & Dowden, 2006; Andrews, Zinger, et al., 1990a, 1990b) has become an important foundational principle for many scholars and professionals in the correction’s field. In addition, principles of effective interventions for justice-involved persons have also gained favor. Even when there is strong evidence on what types of interventions are most effective, practitioners often struggle to implement theoretically sound, evidence-based, and structured programs. Identifying the essential features of programs—target, content, dosage, and implementation fidelity are key for achieving good outcomes. The RNR Program Tool is designed to assist practitioners in understanding how well their programs meet these essential features and how likely they are to achieve their desired outcomes. It provides classifies programs based on target behaviors and assesses the quality of programs relative to the features expected to be present based on the program’s classification.



Criminology, Correctional treatment, Program fidelity, Program quality, RNR Model