The Coach-Athlete Relationship: A CrossFit Perspective




Flores, David

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The purpose of this study was to examine how CrossFit athletes and coaches perceived the quality of the coach-athlete relationship based on the 3+1Cs model (Jowett, 2007). 110 participants (93 athletes, 17 coaches) reported on their direct and meta-perceptions of relationship quality by taking Jowett and Clark-Carter’s (2006) version of the Coach-Athlete Relationship Questionnaire (CART-Q), and direct and meta-perceptions of satisfaction with training/instruction, performance, and personal treatment, by taking a modified version of Reimer and Chelladurai’s (1998) Athlete Satisfaction Questionnaire (ASQ). Results showed that athletes and coaches did not differ on their perceptions of relationship quality and the three satisfaction variables. Neither gender nor relationship duration had a significant effect on athletes and coaches’ perceptions. Athletes’ meta-perceptions of the three Cs significantly predicted their perceptions of all three satisfaction variables. Implications and future research directions are discussed.



CrossFit, Satisfaction, Relationship quality, Relationship duration, Direct and meta-perspectives, Gender