Structural Violence and the United Nations: How the Security Council Shifts Attitudes, Expectations, and Presuppositions in the International Community about the Gulf Conflict, 1990-2003




Pinkstaff, Stephen Nicolae

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This thesis is about the formation and evolution of attitudes, expectations and presuppositions of the international community. It deals with the impact that the United Nations Security Council has on this formation and evolution and the ways in which these developments may be analyzed. It also explores in what ways the realization and analysis of this relationship between the international community and the Security Council can enhance Peace Studies, and the understanding of conflict formation. The ultimate aim of the study is to demonstrate that the different approaches of the S-CAR and MEDAC programs, when combined, not only support one another, but are mutually aggrandizing. The declared purpose of the United Nations: [T]o maintain international peace and security, and to that end: to take effective collective measures for the prevention and removal of threats to the peace, and for the suppression of acts of aggression or other breaches of the peace, and to bring about by peaceful means, and in conformity with the principles of justice and international law, adjustment or settlement of international disputes or situations which might lead to a breach of the peace; To develop friendly relations among nations based on respect for the principle of equal rights and self-determination of peoples, and to take other appropriate measures to strengthen universal peace; To achieve international co-operation in solving international problems of an economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian character, and in promoting and encouraging respect for human rights and for fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, sex, language, or religion; and To be a center for harmonizing the actions of nations in the attainment of these common ends. The UN provides the Security Council the authority and legitimacy to fulfill the following mandate in Chapter V Article 24 of the UN Charter: In order to ensure prompt and effective action by the United Nations, its members confer on the Security Council primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security, and agree that in carrying out its duties under this responsibility the Security Council act on their behalf. In discharging these duties the Security Council shall act in accordance with the Purposes and Principles of the United Nations.



Structural, Iraq, Violence, Lukes, Security Counsil, Galtung