Critiquing Community in Community College: Critical Event Narrative Inquiry Into Subtractive Schooling and Culture Loss With Immigrant ESL Students

dc.contributor.advisorWong, Shelley
dc.contributor.advisorCall-Cummings, Meagan
dc.creatorChan, Elisabeth Lai-Wah
dc.description.abstractThe English as a second language (ESL) student population is one of the fastest growing demographics in U.S. public schools (National Center for Education Statistics, 2021). ESL students who attend post-secondary schools are more likely to choose community colleges (David & Kanno, 2020). Despite this, a dearth of research on immigrant ESL students in community colleges exists (Bunch et al., 2011; Conway, 2009; David & Kanno, 2020; Park, 2019; Teranishi et al., 2011). Moreover, research suggests a graduation gap exists with ESL college students graduating at lower rates than non-ESL counterparts (Razfar & Simon, 2011).Community colleges must ensure they can meet the needs of this student population. I conducted a one-year critical event narrative inquiry (Kim, 2016; Webster & Mertova, 2007), which explored seventeen immigrant ESL students’ lived experiences with college. I identified eight critical events, representing students’ most meaningful and transformative experiences. These included the lack of authentic caring relationships, loss of being part of a group-oriented supportive community, and challenges and benefits of becoming more individualistic. These findings suggested subtractive schooling (Valenzuela, 1999) and culture loss (Wong Fillmore, 1991) contributed to students’ meaningful experiences. I shared implications in the form of letters, inviting administrators and content faculty to partake in action-oriented discussions to enhance equity and inclusion for immigrant ESL students through examining institutional policies, processes, curriculum, professional development, and support services through culturally relevant and culturally sustaining lenses (Ladson-Billings, 2014; Paris & Alim, 2017). The significance, strengths, and limitations of the study, as well as potential for future studies were also discussed.
dc.format.extent213 pages
dc.format.mediumdoctoral dissertations
dc.rightsCopyright 2022 Elisabeth Lai-Wah Chan
dc.subjectCommunity college
dc.subjectCulture loss
dc.subjectEnglish as a Second Language (ESL)
dc.subjectImmigrant students
dc.subjectSubtractive schooling
dc.subject.keywordsMulticultural education
dc.subject.keywordsEnglish as a Second Language (ESL)
dc.titleCritiquing Community in Community College: Critical Event Narrative Inquiry Into Subtractive Schooling and Culture Loss With Immigrant ESL Students
dc.typeText Mason University in Education


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