The Effectiveness of Hatha Yoga on Symptoms of Anxiety and Related Vulnerabilities, Mindfulness, and Psychological Wellbeing in Female Health Care Employees




Dunn, Karen D.

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The purpose of the current study was to examine the effectiveness of a Hatha yoga program to reduce anxiety symptoms, and related vulnerabilities, and promote wellbeing in 6 health care employees. The women in this study reported no previous experience with a regular yoga or meditation practice, no current diagnosis of an anxiety disorder, and were not currently under psychological treatment. Baseline and post-treatment scores on measures to assess anxiety symptoms and related vulnerabilities, perceived stress, mindfulness, self-efficacy, and psychological well-being were examined. In addition, growth over time (7 data collection points) was examined for anxiety symptoms, perceived stress, mindfulness, and self-efficacy to reveal change at the individual and group level on these variables. It was expected that participants would report decreases in anxiety symptoms, and related vulnerabilities in post-treatment assessments, relative to baseline. In addition, it was also expected that participants would report increases in psychological wellbeing, mindfulness, and self-efficacy compared to post-treatment. Finally, it was hypothesized that participants would experience growth (anxiety symptoms, perceived stress, mindfulness, and self-efficacy) over time. Partial support was found for the hypotheses. Specifically, Wilcoxon tests indicated that overall, participants experienced a significant improvement in self-efficacy from baseline to post-treatment. In addition, the women in this sample reported growth over time for anxiety symptoms and self-efficacy. Women with higher baseline symptoms of anxiety experienced the most growth over time on this variable. Suggestions for future research and educational implications are provided.



Yoga and anxiety, Women and anxiety, Mindfulness and yoga, Hatha Yoga and women