Federalism in Somalia: Obstacles, Aspiration, and Opportunities in Jubaland




Thomas III, Cleophus

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Many scholars have advocated for federalism and other forms of power-sharing in states emerging from violent conflict in order to provide governance structures that can promote inter-ethnic cooperation, local political empowerment, and effective institutions that can reduce the likelihood of re-escalation. Others warn it could harden social divisions and prove difficult to implement in weak states with few functioning institutions. My dissertation will apply this debate to the ongoing implementation of federalism in Somalia, which has struggled to establish a functional government since the collapse of the military dictatorship in 1991 and the ensuing crises involving clan conflict and terrorism. This research is intended to contribute to how scholars and practitioners think about the challenges of implementing federalism in weak states and potential best practices to reduce the risks of exacerbating conflict along the way.



Political science