Analysis of Effects of Singing on Cognitive and Emotional Factors in Assisted Living Residents with and without Alzheimer’s Disease

dc.contributor.advisorFlinn, Jane M.
dc.contributor.authorMaguire, Linda
dc.creatorMaguire, Linda
dc.description.abstractPositive cognitive changes in healthy elderly and dementia populations exposed to singing may lead to cognitive improvement over time. Musical aptitude and music appreciation are two of the last remaining abilities in persons with Alzheimer’s Disease (Simmons-Stern, Budson & Ally, 2011). Longitudinal studies in the field of vocal music and cognition in the elderly are rare. The purpose of this study was to examine cognitive changes in vocal-music participants before and after a 4-month series of music programming. Singing and listening groups (N = 45) were given 50-minute vocal-music sessions (3x per week) at an East Coast Elder-care facility that housed both Assisted-living (independent) and Secure-ward (dementia) residents. Pre- and Post-treatment measures included the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), a Clock-Drawing test (CD), Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS) and an Obama-as-President (Obama) recognition test. Using data from the Secure-ward participants only, a 2 (Singing vs Listening Treatment) X 2 (Pre- and Post-treatment Time of Measurement) mixed factorial ANOVA was conducted on MMSE scores. There was a significant interaction between Treatment and Time of Measurement. Simple effects analyses showed that Secure-ward Singers and Listeners had similar MMSE scores at Pre-treatment, but that Secure-ward Singers had significantly higher MMSE scores than Secure-ward Listeners at Post-treatment. This suggested that the singing treatment improved MMSE scores within the Secure-ward population and that listening alone does not have a positive effect on MMSE scores. In Clock-drawing ability, there was no significant difference between Secure-ward Singers and Listeners in Pre-treatment Clock-drawing scores, but Singers scored significantly better than the Listeners on the Post-treatment scores. Interestingly, the Secure-ward Listeners had significantly poorer SWLS scores than Singers in both Pre- and Post-treatment testing. There was no significant Pre- or Post-treatment difference in ability to name Obama as President.
dc.subjectSatisfaction with Life Scale
dc.subjectMini-Mental State Examination
dc.titleAnalysis of Effects of Singing on Cognitive and Emotional Factors in Assisted Living Residents with and without Alzheimer’s Disease
dc.typeThesis Mason University's of Arts in Psychology


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