Temporal and Spatial Aspects of the Colonization and Re-Colonization of Dragonflies in Lentic Habitats




Groover, Richard Sterling

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This dissertation describes dragonfly species of Hanover County, Virginia, which species are most likely to be first colonizers of a new or re-constructed impoundment, which species are never found as first colonizers, and which species are the dominant species three years after the impoundment fills with water. In this Piedmont region of Virginia, Erythemis simplicicollis, Libellula incesta, Libellula luctuosa, and Perithemis tenera were the first to colonize all sites researched. Celithemis eponina and Pachydiplax longipennis did appear as first colonizers, but not at all sites. Proximity to a source site appears to be a determinate for these six species, not any size or behavioral characteristics. Seventeen species, no matter what the proximity of a source site, never were first colonizer species for a new impoundment. During this research three species not previously noted on published species lists from government or organizations for this county were collected: Anax junius; Libellula pulchella; and Pantala hymenaea. Seven species found during this study are new additions for the Commonwealth of Virginia official species list for Hanover County: A. junius; A. longipes; Celithemis eponina; C. fasciata; Libellula vibrans; Pantala flavescens; and Tramea lacerate.



Ecology, Entomology, Biology, Anisoptera, Colonization, Dispersal, Dragonfly, Odonata