Ukraine and Recovery and Peacebuilding Assessment: Analysis of Crisis Impacts and Needs in Eastern Ukraine




European Union
United Nations
The World Bank

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International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/World Bank


This study was launched jointly by the European Union, United Nations and World Bank in response to the conflict that erupted in the eastern Ukrainian oblasts of Donetsk and Luhansk—known as the Donbas—where pro-Russian separatists took control over parts of the two oblasts. Despite the existence of a peace agreement (the Minsk Protocol of September 2014) and the renewal of its cease-fire provisions in February 2015, the conflict has had a significant and detrimental impact on human welfare, and on social and economic conditions generally. Of some 5.2 million people in the Donbas, at least 3.9 million have been directly affected by the conflict. In addition, the three adjoining oblasts of Zaporizhzhia, Dnipropetrovsk, and Kharkiv have been particularly affected by economic disruption and a heavy influx of internally displaced persons (IDPs). The conflict has also significantly deteriorated levels of social cohesion, trust, and cooperation throughout the country, which were already eroded from years of divergent and politically charged narratives about history, language, and patriotism. This guide is intended to help address reconstruction, economic recovery, and peacebuilding needs in areas affected both directly and indirectly by the conflict. Following a joint EU, UN, and WBG scoping mission to Ukraine that took place between September 29 and October 3, 2014, the three institutions agreed to organize an assessment of recovery and peacebuilding needs. The Eastern Ukraine Recovery and Peacebuilding Assessment (RPA) was launched in October 2014 as a two-stage process. In view of the continuing conflict, it was decided to undertake an initial rapid assessment, covering areas under government control that would provide an analytical and programmatic baseline for recovery efforts, identify urgent interventions, and provide a basis for scaling up the responses as needs evolve on the ground. The Synthesis Report specifically provides an overview of the results of the assessment, key findings, and recommended interventions over a two-year period.



Economics and Conflict, Internally Displaced Persons/Refugees, Preventive Diplomacy